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Memphis Berseem Clover
Memphis Berseem Clover

Memphis Berseem Clover


A modern disease-resistant, frost tolerant, high yielding berseem clover generally considered to be non- bloating.

  • Multicut/multigraze capacity
  • Very late maturing
  • Improves soil structure and tolerates mildly acidic soil
  • Excellent red-legged earth mite and blue oat-mite tolerance
  • Ideal in a mix for quality hay and silage making

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Scientific Name
Trifolium alexandrinum

Sowing Rate: 6-8 kg/ha
Blend Rate: 2-6 kg/ha

Plant Characteristics

  • Erect annual legume
  • Grows up to 60–80 cm tall


Memphis berseem clover has a high level of autumn and winter growth with a spring flush.

Area of Adaption

  • Adapted to most climate zones down to 550mm rainfall and frost-prone regions
  • Berseem clover is frequently grown under irrigation
  • Will tolerate periods of waterlogging

Seed Size

326,000 seeds per kg

(Source: Pasture Varieties used in NSW 2006-2007, Bev Zurbo, 2006)

Soil Type

Berseem clover prefers fertile, medium to heavy textured soils of mildly acidic to neutral pH. To maximise stand productivity, soil testing is advisable. Analyse soil and neutralise deficiencies with fertiliser and/or lime. Berseem clover can be used to improve soil structure. The strong tap root development of Memphis is superior to the shallow, fibrous roots of other annual legumes in highly compacted soils.


Good base rates of phosphorus are necessary for maximum DM production especially during the establishment phase. Annual pasture paddocks will benefit from regular phosphorus and potassium applications if hay/silage is being produced.


Memphis should be sown no deeper than 10mm, at a rate of 6-8 kg/ha as a monoculture or 2-6 kg/ha in a mixed sward. Early sowing increases the opportunity for multiple forage cuts. Later autumn sowing is acceptable, but the overall herbage production will be decreased. Inoculation with Group B strain of rhizobia is essential for nodulation and nitrogen fixation. As Memphis is soft seeded it can germinate if a summer rain event occurs, then die in subsequent dry conditions, so it normally requires resowing each year.

Disease and Pest Management

Memphis is highly tolerant to RLEM and resistant to leaf disease. Memphis is also resistant to clover scorch which is one of the main diseases limiting the productivity of berseem clover.

Weed Control

Memphis is very competitive as both a seedling and established plant, so ensure adequate sowing rates to aid this competitive nature. Always use knockdown herbicide to be sure you are sowing into a clean seedbed. Monitor for post-emergent weeds and spray as required. Always consult your Upper Murray Seeds agronomist prior to spraying as herbicide tolerances can differ between berseem clover varieties.


Berseem clover is better suited to fodder conservation than grazing, as it has high growing points that can be easily damaged by inappropriate grazing. Follow a rotational grazing strategy if berseem clover is to be used for grazing purposes. Memphis berseem clover rapidly initiates new stems (ie regrowth) after cutting or grazing. It therefore has improved recovery when compared to traditional berseem clover.

Feed Quality

Memphis is a very palatable species with very good protein levels. To maximise feed quality the forage should be cut/grazed before flowering begins.

Animal Health

Memphis is virtually non-bloating when correctly managed. To optimise livestock weight gain and health, ensure livestock are vaccinated and drenched. To prevent nutritional problems, make gradual diet changes when introducing hungry stock to lush pastures. Contact an Upper Murray Seeds agronomist for more information.

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